Feeding Raw Bones for Cats and Dogs
Feeding Raw Bones to Dogs and Cats
Eating raw bones is as completely natural as eating fresh meat for dogs and cats. They come hand in hand, in the
wild. Both dogs and cats are natural hunters, cats always eating their food fresh, and dogs happy to eat fresh, or
decaying. Either way, catching and eating prey has always involved the consumption of bones.
Feeding bones to domestic dogs has been a time honoured tradition, and is still practiced by knowledgeable dog
breeders and pet owners. The feeding of bones to cats has had less emphasis in the past, as cats have always
been able to catch and eat their own prey, complete with bones. Since the advent of “ready to serve” commercial
pet foods, there has been a noticeable decline in the practice of feeding bones to dogs by many pet owners,
particularly raw bones. And now that the modern domestic cat’s natural hunting abilities have been limited by
their confinement, there is a marked decline in the consumption of raw bones by cats also.
Raw bones are consumed first and foremost for their nutritional value to the cat or dog. A natural, and highly
digestible source of calcium is provided by raw bones, and is required to provide a natural balance to the higher
levels of phosphorous found in raw meat.
Adequate calcium is vital for normal growth and development, for correct mineralization (strength) of the teeth
and bones, and structure of joints. It is vital for muscular contraction in the body, including the heart muscle, and
is involved in a wide array of metabolic processes. The calcium in raw bones can be up to 4 times more digestible
than most common calcium supplements available. Bones also supply smaller amounts of cartilage, bone marrow,
and other minerals, like boron, which are vital for bone and joint health.
Raw bones also play an integral role in dental hygiene for dogs and cats. The process of macerating the meat and
bones actually massages the animal’s teeth and gums, cleaning away any food residues or tartar development.
This prevents plaque formation, bad breath, dental cavities, gingivitis, and expensive veterinary teeth scaling and
extractions. A good supply of calcium and other nutrients during the early growth stages of puppies and kittens
will also help to ensure strong healthy teeth. And finally, a good bone feed actually has a beneficial effect on the dog or cat’s digestive tract. It has a cleansing/scouring effect, providing much needed roughage in the diet, and provides bulk for healthy faecal motions that
stimulate anal gland emptying
The benefits of eating bones are greatly reduced by cooking, and it can actually create dangers. Cooking bones
renders the natural calcium almost unavailable for absorption, losing that vital source of mineral availability.
Cooked bones are much tougher, and more brittle than raw bones, and will actually blunt animal’s teeth after
regular chewing, or can even cause broken teeth. They also break into large chunks more easily, and can result
in your pet swallowing a piece too large to digest, and then a quick visit for some veterinary attention as cooked
bones do not digest or breakdown in the stomach.
Bones for Dogs
The basic guide for choice of bones is really decided by the size of the dog. Large dogs can handle larger bones,
like lamb necks, lamb shanks, beef leg bones, whole rabbit, whole chickens or chicken carcasses, kangaroo tails.
Smaller dogs will fare better with chicken frames, chicken necks or wings, lamb flaps, brisket bones, ribs etc. My
favorites are Kangaroo tails and chicken frames.
Remember that there are two distinct types of bones; those that are eaten easily and quite quickly, are nutritional,
and provide all of the above listed benefits. Bones that are too large or tough, and end up scattered over the back
yard, or buried in the lawn, and dug up or chewed on over many days, are more of a “toy”. They offer some
dental hygiene effects, but minimal nutritional effect. They do however; keep many a dog happy for several hours
a day. Try and get bones with some meat left on, as it encourages the dog to exercise the front incisor teeth while
tearing at the meat. This is very important during puppy-hood, when the milk teeth are replaced by the adult teeth.
The chewing and tearing action helps to dislodge the puppy teeth, and allow normal progression of the adult teeth.
Bones for Cats
Cats will prefer slightly softer, smaller bones. Chicken necks and wings are the most popular, as are rabbit pieces,
and smaller Kangaroo tails. My cats happily devour an entire chicken carcass with ease, and will tackle a large
Kangaroo tail, but usually leave the big bones for the dogs to clean up. Many people I see in practice do not
believe cats can eat bones, but once you have seen them devour a rabbit, head first, you understand they are quite
capable and many cats just prefer to avoid the hard work!
It can be hard to get an adult cat to start eating bones if it is not used to eating fresh meat. It can be equally hard
if they already have bad teeth, or need dental help. The best thing is to get your cat started as early as possible,
as a kitten, and then keep up a regular routine.
Puppies and kittens should have a bone offering every day during their growth phase. For cats and small breed
dogs, this ends around 6-12 months of age, for medium sized dogs at 12-18 months, and for large and giant
breeds, at 2 years old. Puppies and kittens can tackle soft macerated meat and bone pieces as soon as they
develop their milk teeth, at around 4-5 weeks old. Adult dogs and cats can still happily eat a bone every day, but
can get by with bones at least twice weekly. Older pets should get more bones, as they start to need more calcium
in old age to maintain good health and prevent arthritis.
What to avoid
Avoid cooked bones full stop. As a general rule, avoid bones of a size that will tempt the dog to swallow them
without chewing, they can still get caught in the gut, or wedged across the roof of the mouth. I have once seen a
Labrador, that choked and died trying to swallow a whole lamb neck. Although whole raw bone will digest slowly,
it does not yield as much health value to the dog, as a well-chewed raw bone.
Also be wary of feeding bones if you don’t feed any other raw meats in the diet, as the gastric acidity can be
significantly diminished by processed kibble diets. (Refer “Gut Acidity” article)
This article was written and authorised by:
Dr Bruce Syme BVSc (Hons)
Founder of Vets All Natural
For more information visit www.vetsallnatural.com.au
This article or parts thereof can only be used with written permission from Vets All Natural. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Bruce Syme is a practicing vet and animal lover who founded Vets All Natural in 1996 with a simple mission, to “Improve the health and longevity of dogs and cats”. Dr Bruce is an expert in natural pet nutrition, has spoken at the Australian Veterinary Association Annual Conference, and provides regular comment on TV and Radio.
Disclaimer: The entire contents of this article are based upon the opinions of Dr. Bruce Syme, unless otherwise noted. The information is not intended as medical advice, it simply shares the knowledge and information from the research and experience of Dr. Bruce and his community. Pet health care decisions should be based upon your research and in partnership with a qualified pet health care professional.
© Copyright 2015 Dr Bruce Syme and Vets All Natural. All Rights Reserved.
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